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Technology Transfer Network - Air Toxics Web Site

Case Studies:
Low-VOC/HAP Wood Furniture Coatings

The Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division of the U.S. EPA’s National Risk Management Research Laboratory conducted a study to identify wood furniture manufacturing facilities that had converted to low-VOC/HAP wood furniture coatings and to develop case studies for those facilities. The primary goals of the project were (1) to demonstrate that low-VOC/HAP coatings can be used successfully by some wood furniture manufacturing facilities, and (2) to assist other wood furniture manufacturing facilities in converting to low-VOC/HAP coatings.

Twenty-five facilities that had converted one or more of their primary coating steps to low-VOC/HAP coatings participated in the study. Visits were conducted at many of these facilities. Facilities were identified using the Internet, trade associations, State agency personnel, and trade publications. The EPA recognizes that the conversion to low-VOC/HAP coatings is a difficult process, and attempted to ensure that the case studies present an accurate picture of what is required to successfully convert to low-VOC/HAP coatings. The EPA believes that only a comprehensive and accurate depiction of the conversion process will be helpful to other facilities as they work to convert to low-VOC/HAP coatings.

The case studies include a discussion of the following information:

  • Types of products the facility manufactures
  • Types of low-VOC/HAP coatings the facility uses
  • Problems encountered in converting to low-VOC/HAP coatings
  • Equipment changes that were required
  • The costs associated with the conversion process
  • Emission reductions achieved
  • Waste/OSHA impacts
  • Advantages/disadvantages of the low-VOC/HAP coatings
  • Any customer feedback on products finished with the low-VOC/HAP coatings

The final project report also includes a general discussion of different types of low-VOC/HAP coatings and application equipment, an assessment of the current use of low-VOC/HAP coatings in the wood furniture industry, and a technical reference section.

The EPA believes these case studies will be beneficial to the wood furniture manufacturing industry and has made an effort to develop case studies for as many types of facilities as possible.  The case studies of individual facilities are available, as well as files organized by coating type. All case study files have been made available for download in Adobe Acrobat format and zipped Word Perfect format.  You will need Word Perfect or the Adobe Acrobat reader to view these files.  Some of these files are quite large and may take a considerable amount of time to download, depending on the speed of your internet connection.

All Wood Furniture Case Studies
Waterborne Coatings Case Studies
UV-Cured Coatings Case Studies
High-Solids Coatings Case Studies
Powder Coatings Case Studies
Technical Reference Websites and Information
WWW Releated web links


Final Project Reports for Download

Download the Entire Final Project Study with pictures
8.3 MB
Waterborne Coatings Case Studies
412 KB
UV-Cured Coatings Case Studies
412 KB
High-Solids/Low-HAP Coatings Case Studies
183 KB
Powder Coating Case Studies
85 KB

Some companies are listed under multiple coating types.


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