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Rule and Implementation Information for the Paper and Other Web Surface Coating NESHAP


NOTICE: New Step-By-Step Compliance Demonstration files that were presentated at the POWC training held November 17, 2004 have been uploaded (see the Training Materials section of this page).

On this page:

Rule Information

Proposed and Promulgated Rules

Subpart JJJJ - National Emission Standards for Paper and Other Web Surface Coating Operations

Date Citation Action Description File Download
12/04/02 67 FR 72341 Promulgated Rule Original Promulgation
09/13/00 65 FR 55332 Proposed Rule Original Proposal

NOTE:  All files are Government Printing Office (GPO) Federal Register files unless otherwise indicated. You can also access full text of the Code of Federal Regulations at GPO e-CFR.

Closely Related Rules, Policies or Program Guidance

Printing Facilties: Title V Permitting: Technical Support Document (TSD)


Archived Rule Development Background Information

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Technical Information

Background Information Document (BID)/Response to comments

11/2002 Paper and Other Web Coating Operations Background Information for Promulgated Standards [EPA-453/R-02-005]
04/18/00 Paper and Other Web Coating Operations Background Information for Proposed Standards [EPA-453/R-00-002]


Questions and Answers

5/29/03 Q&A Document (19 Q&As)


FACT Sheets

8/26/02 FACT SHEET - Technical - Promulgated Rule
08/14/00 FACT SHEET - Technical - Proposed Rule


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Implementation Information

Implementation Tool Development Process - Background Information

NOTICE:    The Implementation Tool Development Plan is complete for Subpart JJJJ and is provided here for historical purposes only. The document provides information on what implementation tools were developed for this rule, who we partnered with to develop the tools.

A copy of the 2003 Information Exchange Meeting Summary is available. Th 2003 Information Exchange was held in RTP on September 24, 2003 to finish a team review of several tools that partners had developed.  A copy of the 2002 Information Exchange Forum Summary is available and includes draft review process flow diagrams and implementation tool definitions. The 2002 Information Exchange was held in RTP NC September 24, 2002 to continue meaningful dialog with established partners for the Paper and Other Web (POWC) implementation tool development effort. You may also view the meeting summary from the 2001 Information Exchange Forum.

Source Identification and Location Information

06/30/03 Instructions for creating a TRI and ENVIROFACTS Report using Industrial SIC Codes
04/18/00 SIC Codes affecting the Paper and Other Web Coating Industry [updated 1/21/03 to include NAICS Codes for corresponding industries]
9/20/96 Source Identification Procedures for Sources Subject to Regulations under Section 111(d) of the CAA as Amended in 1990 [Enabling Document, Scanned Version, not POWC specific]

A list of affected sources is not available. We recommend that interested parties use the TRI reporting data above to compile any potentially affected source lists that you may need. A list of sources that provided input into the rule development process is available upon request. However, the list is outdated and should not be used for compliance assurance or other regulatory enforcement purposes. The list does not identify all potentially affected sources and contains facilities that are both area and major sources. Area sources are not subject to Subpart JJJJ. The list identifies 185 facilities that engage in paper and other web surface coating activities. However, the preamble to Subpart JJJJ (67 FR 72331, 12/4/03) estimates that there are 400 existing paper and other web facilities and that 203 of those facilities are major sources. For further information, please contact Ingrid Ward (ward.ingrid@epa.gov).

Training Materials

Paper and Other Web Coating (POWC) NESHAP Rule Basics Training was held on November 17, 2004; EPA T-013-04, 1:00 pm - 2:15 pm E.T.; No fee.

T-013-04 Paper and Other Web Coating (POWC) NESHAP Rule Basics
November 17, 2004 (1:00 PM-2:15 PM ET)
(Test Pattern 12:00 PM-1:00 PM)
(Pre-Broadcast Test Pattern 11/16 12:30 PM-1:30 PM)

This broadcast was designed to provide affected facilities, as well as Tribal, State, and Local agencies with a basic overview of the POWC MACT. Susan Miller, Clayton Group Services provided information on key dates and an overview of the basic requirements of the MACT. She also provided an overview of a new implementation tool available to help affected sources and inspectors better understand specific requirements of the rule. Affected source and major source examples are also provided. Finally, Susan goes through a simple case study to help us better understand calculations associated with the MACT.

POWC Video Files for November 17, 2004 POWC Training Broadcast:

Please note that training presentation files below include the video of the training, the power point presentations used at the training and the POWC Step-by-Step. These files can be accessed below.

Date Resolution Type Section Clock Time File Download
1/05 Low Resolution Video Section 1 - Introduction (Paul Almodovar) 00:00 - 00:36 (559kb)
1/05 Low Resolution Video Section 1 - Introduction (continued)
Section 2 - Overview (Susan Miller)
00:00 - 00:02
00:03 - 27:37
(26427 kb)
1/05 Low Resolution Video Section 3 - Applicability (Susan Miller)
Section 4 - Calculations (Susan Miller)
00:00 - 14:59
15:00 - 15:21
(14683 kb)
1/05 Low Resolution Video Section 4 - Calculations (continued) 00:00 - 14:44 (14312 kb)
1/05 Low Resolution Video Section 4 - Calculations (continued)
Section 5 - Implementation Information (Ingrid Ward)
00:00 - 00:12
00:12 - 03:04
(2854 kb)
1/05 High Resolution Video
(for broadband)
No segments (entire video) 00:00 - 1:01:23 (178465 kb)


POWC Training Files for November 17, 2004 POWC Training Broadcast:

**Files available in pdf only. Copyrighted materials.**

Date Presentation Title File Download
11/04 Presentation Slides - Section 2 - Overview (color is first file, b/w the other)   
11/04 Presentation Slides - Section 3 - Applicability (color is first file, b/w the other)   
11/04 Presentation Slides - Section 4 - Calculations (color is first file, b/w the other)   
11/04 Presentation Slides - Section 5 - Implemenation Information (color is first file, b/w the other)   
11/04 (updated 4/05) Overview Flow Diagram
11/04 (updated 4/05) Overview Equations
11/04 (updated 4/05) Overview Variables
11/04 (updated 4/05) Step-by-Step A: Compliance Demonstration: As-Purchased Compliant Coating Materials
4/05 (Step-By-Step B split into 3 files, 4/05) Step-by-Step B1: Compliance Demonstration: Individual As-Applied Compliant Coating Materials
4/05 Step-by-Step B2: Compliance Demonstration: Monthly Average As-Applied Coating Materials
4/05 Step-by-Step B3: Compliance Demonstration: Monthly Allowable Organic HAP Applied
11/04 (Updated 4/05) Step-by-Step C: Compliance Demonstration: Overall Control Efficiency, Single Oxidizer;
11/04 (Updated 4/05) Step-by-Step D: Compliance Demonstration: Overall Control Efficiency, Single Solvent Recovery System (SRS), Liquid-Liquid Material Balance
11/04 (Updated 4/05) Step-by-Step E: Compliance Demonstration: Overall Control Efficiency, Single SRS, CEMs
11/04 (Updated 4/05) Step-by-Step F: Compliance Demonstration: Single Capture and Control System, Emission Rate Demonstration
11/04 (Updated 4/05) Step-by-Step G: Compliance Demonstration: Multiple Solvent Recovery Systems, Liquid-Liquid Material Balance
11/04 (Updated 4/05) Step-by-Step H: Compliance Demonstration: Multiple CSolvent Recovery Systems, Continuous Emissions Monitors
4/05 Step-by-Step I: Compliance Demonstration: Multiple Oxidizers

Other: EPA held free half day POWC training for State/Local/Tribal and EPA Regional Office personnel at RTP April 14, 2003. We wish to thank our partner, the Pressure Sensitive Tape Council in conjunction with the Clayton Group Services for sponsoring the training.

Implementation Tools

Updated 9/04.

POWC Jeopardy Game - This POWC Jeopardy game is a Power Point XP presentation. It was originally designed by NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Air Jeopardy Game and redesigned by Ingrid Ward of the EPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS), Information Transfer and Program Integration Division (ITPID). The game was designed to get people thinking about the promulgated Paper and Other Web Coating (POWC) MACT in a fun and different way. You may download the game and instructions below. Please make sure that you download the shared files as well as the game files. We highly recommend you read the instructions for using and editing the game.

Jeopardy!: ® and © 2003 Jeopardy! Productions, Inc. All Rights Reserved; portions ©2003 Sony Pictures Digital Entertainment Inc. All Rights Reserved. Jeopardy! is based on the television series produced by Jeopardy! Productions, Inc. a unit of Sony Pictures Entertainment. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is neither sponsored by nor affiliated with Jeopardy! Productions, Inc. or Sony Pictures Entertainment. This game is intended for free distribution for educational purposes only.

  Jeopardy Instructions for Using and Editing the Game (Please Read first)
  Jeopardy [shared files].
Create a folder called "Jeopardy [shared files]" on your C: drive and move files into that folder
  Jeopardy POWC.
Create a folder called "Jeopardy POWC" on your C: drive and move files into that folder.
  POWC Jeopardy Game Question and Answer Sheet


Table of Available Implementation Tools - Table provides a list of available implementation tools that have been developed and that are not otherwise identified on this webpage.

11/04   Step-by-Step Rule Option Overview See "Training Materials"
8/04   Example Inspection Checklist  
7/04   Process Overview Diagrams  
4/04   Applicability Flowchart  
4/04   Executive Summary (power point presentation)  
4/04   Monitoring, Record keeping and Reporting (MRR) Summary  
1/04   Initial Notification  
1/04   Example Semi-Annual Compliance Form (w/ Capture & Control)  
1/04   Example Semi-Annual Compliance Form (without Capture & Control)  
1/04   Compliance Options Flow Diagrams  
8/03   Example HAPs Technical Data Sheet - The Example HAPs Technical Data Sheet presents an example of information necessary for calculating HAP and solids content for coatings under Subpart JJJJ.  
2/03   Overview Brochure (tri-fold)   Publisher XP
2/03   Compliance Timeline*  

* The word version of the compliance timeline includes comment fields that highlight how date values were derived. You may show/hide comments while in Word by selecting "view" in the toolbar and then "markup." The PDF version of this tool does not contain these comments.

Other Web Resources

Common Coating Page OAQPS with assistance of the Association of Industrial Metalizers, Coaters and Laminators (AIMCAL), developed a Surface Coating website which provides links to documents and resources that could be useful to those subject to any one of the surface coating rules. The webpage includes a range of materials from presentation materials to technical guides to help users more readily find information pertaining to surface coating operations.

Example Notices and Reports

Example notification and report forms have been developed for sections 63.9 and 63.10 of part 63, Subpart A, General Provisions. You can find these example forms by going to the General Provisions rule page.

Although most standards reference sections 63.9 and 63.10 of the General Provisions for some or all of their notification and reporting requirements, please be aware that these General Provisions example forms are not intended to exactly match all the requirements of a specific standard. Specific standards may include or exclude General Provision requirements or can require additional information beyond Subpart A. For this reason, these example report forms developed under Subpart A should be treated as examples only and may be useful to users as a starting point for developing report forms that are facility and MACTspecific.

Compliance and Enforcement Information

11/19/03, Applicability Determination Memo, Mr. Michael Alushin, EPA Office of Compliance to Mr. Timothy Hunt, American Forest & Paper Association. Letter indicates that size presses or size press alterative (SP/SPA) and on-machine coaters that apply sizing or water-based clays as a component of papermaking system are not subject to requirement of Subpart JJJJ.

Applicability Determination Index (ADI).  The ADI is maintained by EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) and provides a data base of memoranda dealing with applicability issues.  The database is searchable by Subpart.

EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) has created several Compliance Assistance Centers that service the coating industry. Each Center address real world issues faced by a specific industry. The Centers deliver information in many forms: Internet Web sites, telephone assistance lines, fax-back systems, and e-mail discussion groups.

Environmental Compliance Assistance Clearinghouse. This innovative web site provides quick access to compliance assistance tools, contacts, and planned activities from US EPA, its partners, and other compliance assistance providers.

State Programs

The Environmental Council of the States.   Exit EPA disclaimer   The website provides state delegation information for environmental programs.

Known Trade Associations

Flexible Packaging Association (FPA)  Exit EPA disclaimer
Flexographic Technical Association (FTA)  Exit EPA disclaimer
Graphic Arts Technical Foundation (GATF)  Exit EPA disclaimer
Pressure Sensitive Tape Council (PSTC)  Exit EPA disclaimer
Screenprinting & Graphic Imaging Association International (SGIA)  Exit EPA disclaimer
Association of Industrial Metalizers, Coaters and Laminators (AIMCAL)  Exit EPA disclaimer

Primary Trade Association Contact List -This file contains a list of trade associations that have been involved in the POWC stakeholder rule development process. Contact names are included.


Iowa Waste Reduction Center - Since 1988, the IWRC has helped small businesses comply with federal and state environmental regulations and pollution prevention initiatives. By incorporating on-site reviews, applied research, and hands-on training into its free and confidential assistance program, the IWRC offers complete compliance assistance that small businesses can understand and apply. Exit EPA disclaimer

Coating Alternatives Guide (CAGE). CAGE is a pollution prevention tool which provides information on low-emitting alternative coating technologies to coatings users. CAGE currently addresses alternative, low-emitting coatings for metal and plastic part coating operations, but, future versions will address alternative coatings for wood, and other substrates.

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Exit EPA disclaimer   NOTE:  Most links on this page are pointers to other hosts and locations in the Internet. This information is provided as a service; however the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency does not endorse, approve or otherwise support these sites.

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