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Region 5 RCRA Guidance for Institutional Controls at Hazardous Waste Cleanups

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Region 5 guidelines for implementing institutional controls, as part of cleanups at hazardous waste facilities, were issued in March 2000. Institutional controls are legal mechanisms designed to control exposures to chemicals in environmental media, including soil and groundwater. These controls are usually part of a facility's cleanup program where contamination remaining in place causes the use of the property to be restricted. These guidelines will help EPA project managers and regulated facilities determine if institutional controls are an appropriate and reliable part of a facility's cleanup program.

The guidance:

Use of Institutional Controls in the RCRA Corrective Action Program (PDF) (25pp, 25K) March 2000


References cited in the guidance

Land Use in the CERCLA Remedy Selection Process, OSWER 9355.7-04 (PDF) May 25, 1995

Ground-Water Protection Strategy (PDF), Office of Ground-Water Protection, 1984.

Guidelines for Ground-Water Classification Under the [1984] EPA Ground-Water Protection Strategy (PDF), Final Draft, Office of Ground-Water Protection, November, 1986.

The Imminent and Substantial Endangerment Provision of Section 7003 of RCRA May, 1996.

Memorandum: Region 10 Final Policy on the Use of Institutional Controls at Federal Facilities.

Institutional Controls and Transfer of Real Property Under CERCLA Section 120(h)(3)(A)(B) or (C) (PDF), January, 2000.

Memorandum: Assuring Land Use Controls at Federal Facilities<, Region 4, April 13, 1998.

A Guide to Principal Threat and Low Level Wastes (PDF), OSWER Directive 9380.3-06FS, November 1991.

The Role of Cost in the Superfund Remedy Selection Process, EPA 540/F-96/018, September 1996.

Region 5 RCRA Subtitle C Corrective Action Risk Assessment Guidance (PDF), February 1998.

Guidance for Evaluating the Technical Impracticability for Ground-Water Restoration, Directive 9234.2-25, September, 1993.

RCRA Public Involvement Manual, EPA530-R-96-006, June 1996.

Rules of Thumb for Superfund Remedy Selection, EPA-R-97-013, August 1997.

Coordination between RCRA Corrective Action and Closure and CERCLA Site Activities, OSWER Directive 9200.0-25, September, 24, 1996.

Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund:

Ecological Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund: Process for Designing and Conducting Ecological Risk Assessments, 1997.

Use of Monitored Natural Attenuation at Superfund, RCRA Corrective Action, and Underground Storage Tank Sites, OSWER Directive 9200.4-17P, April 21, 1999.


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