Buffalo Color Corporation
|Other (Former) Names of Site: Allied Chemical Corporation,
National Aniline Chemical Company, Schoellkopf Aniline, Dye Co
Buffalo Color Corporation, located in an industrial area in Buffalo, New York, occupies approximately 42 acres adjacent to the Buffalo River, along Elk and Lee streets. The plant has produced dyestuffs and organic chemicals since 1879, when it was built by Schoellkopf Aniline and Dye Company (later National Aniline Chemical Company in 1916, and then Allied Chemical Corporation in 1920).
The plant produced over 1,000 different dyes and organic chemicals based on aniline and aniline derivatives. Since 1977, when Buffalo Color purchased the plant from the Allied Chemical Corporation, the plant has focused on production of indigo dye and related materials. Wastes generated from these operations include off-spec dye, anhydride tars, still process residues, spent catalysts and waste solvents. Presently all hazardous wastes are stored for less than 90 days and transported off-site for disposal.
The plant encompasses the subdivisions designated Plant Areas A, B, C, D and E. The investigation and remediation of Area D (an inactive hazardous waste site) is being overseen independently from the other plant areas by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's Inactive Hazardous Waste Remediation program under a consent agreement.
Although the site contains a number of discrete units, the entire site was considered a single solid waste management unit (SWMU "ABCE") for the purposes of environmental assessment. That is because the area also included a number of widespread, poorly delineated features (e.g. abandoned sewer and process wastewater lines).
Site Responsibility and Legal Instrument
New York State lead facility, under a New York State Part 373 Post Closure Permit (PCP).
Potential Threats and Contaminants
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigation (RFI) has identified volatile and semi-volatile organic contaminants and metals in soils and groundwater at levels exceeding the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) action levels
Two aquifers have been identified at the site, a "shallow aquifer" and a "confined aquifer." Site-related groundwater contamination (by volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds) is present primarily in the shallow aquifer. In the confined aquifer, the primary contaminants detected were benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene compounds, which may be due to releases from other facilities.
Buffalo Color evaluated the potential for exposure due to the ingestion of contaminated groundwater. The risk of such exposure is precluded by the availability of drinking water from a municipal water system.
Buffalo Color also evaluated the potential for exposure to soils by incidental ingestion and inhalation of dust. Although the facility is an active industrial site, buildings, related structures and pavement cover most of the soils at the site.
Cleanup Approach and Progress
A corrective measures study has been completed by the facility and a final remedy has been selected. Currently, NYSDEC is negotiating with the facility and the previous owner (Allied) to secure funding of the proposed remedy. The remedy, which has not been implemented due to financial constraints at the facility, includes:
Copies of supporting technical documents and correspondence cited in this fact sheet are available for public review at:
USEPA Region 2
NYSDEC - Region 9
NYSDEC - Albany
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) makes its public records available for a review under the Freedom of Information Law (FOIL).
Dudley Branch Library