Virginia Department of Transportation
Elko Materials Lab
On This Page
Luis A Pizzarro
Office of Remediation, LCD
US EPA Region 3
Virginia DEQ Project Manager
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
629 East Main Street Richmond, VA 23219
Phone: (804) 698-4218
Between July 2009 and May 2010, VDOT conducted initial investigation and site characterization activities. In June 2010, VDOT met with EPA and presented the assessment findings and proposed Interim Measures Plan. The formal Interim Measures Plan using in-situ and ex-situ chemical oxidization was submitted in September 2010 and EPA conditionally approved the plan in November 2010.>
VDOT implemented a public notice period from November 4 to December 4, 2010 for the proposed Interim Measures. VDOT began Interim Measures implementation in February 2011.
During the June to December 2011 time period, additional assessment activities were conducted to evaluate the presence of free product immediately beneath the former unit. Additional monitoring and extraction wells were installed to facilitate the recovery. IM remediation efforts were subsequently focused on free product recovery followed by extraction of impacted ground water and vapors using dual phase. Subsequently, both in-situ and ex-situ chemical oxidation technologies were implemented per the approved IM Plan. Further aquifer testing was also conducted on the deeper horizon.
During the May 2012 to December 2012 time period, IM remediation efforts continued to principally focus on mass removal within the sub-liner area using dual phase extraction. Both in-situ and ex-situ chemical oxidation technologies were implemented within the sub-horizon per the approved IM Plan. Additional enhancement efforts using surfactants were proposed, approved, and implement during this time period.
VDOT also evaluated two adjoining utility vaults located downgradient from of SWMU#1 and determined that site-specific risk calculations indicate the concentrations are within acceptable limits.
EPA completed the Environmental Indicator Documents Current Human Exposures and Migration of Contaminated Groundwater on October 23, 2013. The EI documents listed the human exposure risk and contaminant migration as “Under Control”. There are no known human or environmental down-gradient receptors.
On March 24, 2014, VDOT submitted an IM Amendment that proposed removing and disposing 352 tons of solvent impacted soil from the central portion of SWMU #1. DEQ commented on the proposed Amendment on April 5, 2014 and issued approval of the revised IM Amendment on April 28, 2014. The Facility proceeded with the characterization and removal activities beginning in May 2014.
VDOT submitted an Interim Measures Progress Report on March 19, 2015. The report summarized the remedial actions undertaken in 2014 which included excavation of 352 tons of solvent impacted soil from a hot spot within the SWMU , removal of additional contaminant mass (vapor phase) through dual phase extraction, and pumped an additional 120,000 gallons of impacted groundwater. The facility also reported the results of 3 post removal groundwater sampling events.
The results of the IM suggest that VOCs in groundwater on and offsite remain above risk-based levels and MCLs. The Facility will conduct quarterly groundwater monitoring during the upcoming year to evaluate the effectiveness of the removal action. VDOT and DEQ will then evaluate if additional remediation is warranted to reduce the source of contaminants.
The VDOT Elko Materials Lab is situated on +/-16 acre tract near Sandston, Henrico County, Virginia. The Elko Lab has been operating since 1980 and conducts tests on materials used in the construction and maintenance of the Commonwealth's roads. There is one solid waste management unit (SWMU) of concern which is a surface impoundment that received waste water from the facility's laboratories. The SWMU contained both listed and characteristic hazardous waste. The waste was previously removed from the unit and it is no longer an operating unit. The releases of volatile organic compounds and metals from this unit to soil and groundwater are being investigated under RCRA corrective action.
The primary contaminants in the groundwater and soils at the facility are 1,1,1-TCA, 1,1-DCA, 1,1-DCE, TCE, 1,4-dioxane, Benzene, Toluene.
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below:
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Human Exposures [PDF, 9 pages, 414 KB, About PDF]
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Groundwater Migration [PDF, 11 pages, 484 KB, About PDF]
- All documents and reports regarding this facility also can be reviewed in person at these locations:
Virginia DEQ Central Office
Ms. Brett Fisher
629 East Main Street
Phone: (804) 698-4327
Call for an appointment.
U.S. EPA Region III
Land & Chemicals Division - RCRA
1650 Arch Street-11th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. Additional fee for requests over 100 pages.
|Virginia Department of Transportation|
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The facility is under continued use.
- The DEQ and EPA are dedicated to providing timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact DEQ Project Manager Tara Mason at (804) 698-4218 or EPA Contact Luis Pizarro at (215) 814-3444.