E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co.,
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EPA Project Manager
Mr. Michael Jacobi
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 3
1650 Arch Street MS 3LC20
Philadelphia, PA 19103-2029
Virginia Dept of Environmental Quality
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
629 East Main Street Richmond, VA 23219
Phone: (804) 698-4218
From 1987 thru 2010, remedial activities have occurred at the DuPont Spruance Plant (Facility) to address impacts to human health and the environment. The RCRA Facility Investigation/Corrective Measures Study report submitted by the Facility was approved by EPA in 2011. Based on the findings set forth in these reports, VDEQ has determined that past operations at the Facility have resulted in soil and groundwater contamination, and that further actions to remediate soil and groundwater are necessary to protect human health and the environment given current and reasonably anticipated future land use.
The Facility submitted a Class 2 Permit Modification request to modify its Hazardous Waste Management Permit for Corrective Action (Permit), which was approved on September 5, 2012. The Final Remedy for the Facility emphasizes source control through the improvement of the existing Groundwater Treatment System (GWTS), maintenance of the existing capping of soils with concentrations of contaminants above remedial goals, and continued long term groundwater and surface water monitoring to ensure clean up goals are met. Finally, institutional and engineering controls were implemented through the development of a Uniform Environmental Covenant Act (UECA) Covenant to prevent current and potential future exposure to contamination. The UECA Covenant was recorded with the City of Richmond, VA and Chesterfield County in September 2014.
A Corrective Measure Implementation (CMI) 30% Design Work Plan (WP) was approved on June 24, 2013; a CMI 90% Design WP was approved on September 18, 2014. A 100% Design WP was approved on March 31, 2015. Construction of the new groundwater extraction and treatment system is anticipated to begin during the 3rd Quarter of 2015 and continue through the second quarter of 2017.
The DuPont Spruance Facility is located in Chesterfield County, Virginia, along the southern border of the City of Richmond. The site property is approximately 525 acres. It is bordered on the west by Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. Route 1) and on the east by the James River. The site is located just northwest of the I-95 and I-895 interchange.
The site has been in continuous operation since 1929 as a manufacturing plant for textile fibers and sheet products. In the nearly 70 years of operation, DuPont has significantly expanded its operations and intends to continue operations at the Spruance Facility in the future. Manufacturing products have included Kevlar®, Nomex®, Nylon, Mylar®, Tyvek®, and Zytel®.
There are no plans to use any portion of the property for non-industrial purposes. The properties immediately surrounding the Spruance Facility are entirely industrial and commercial in nature.
The voluntary investigations as well as the RFI determined that constituents were widely distributed in groundwater with only limited areas of impacted soil. DuPont Spruance has collected groundwater samples from approximately two hundred fifty (250) monitoring wells located on and adjacent to the facility. The groundwater constituents of potential concern (COPCs) identified are carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, hexamethylphosphoramide (HMPA), trichlorofluoromethane (TCFM), vinyl chloride, and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Groundwater is not used on the site for drinking water, and no downgradient users of off-site groundwater exist between the site boundary and the James River.
Institutional Controls (ICs) and Engineering Controls (ECs) at the Facility were implemented in accordance with the Final Remedy Implementation requirements described in the Facility's Permit. ICs and ECs include (but but are not limited to) the prohibition of the use of the property for residential use, and the use of groundwater beneath the property except for non-contact cooling water. A UECA Covenant was recorded with the City of Richmond and Chesterfield County, VA in September 2014.
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below:
- Corrective Action Statement of Basis[ 21 pp, 810 KB, About PDF]
- Corrective Action Environmental Covenant - Deed Restriction [ 76 pp, 11.2 MB, About PDF]
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Human Exposures [ 10 pp, 37 KB, About PDF]
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Groundwater Migration [10pp, 168 KB, About PDF]
- All documents and reports regarding this facility also can be reviewed in person at these locations:
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
Phone: (804) 698-4219
U.S. EPA Region III
Land & Chemicals Division - RCRA
1650 Arch Street-11th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. Additional fee for requests over 100 pages.
|Dupont Spruance Facility||Geospatial PDF Site Map|
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The facility is under continued use.
The DEQ and EPA are dedicated to providing timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact VA DEQ Project Manager Tara Mason at (804) 698-4218 or EPA Contact Mike Jacobi at (215) 814-3435.