CLEANUP AND REUSE OF RCRA AND CERCLA SITES
|Steps in Land Revitalization & Reuse Plan|
Steps in the Land Revitalization Process to Plan for Reuse of Sites
Many factors influence the reuse potential of sites. Follow the steps below to find revitalization tools and resources to help you gather information about your site and apply reuse considerations.
Is your site a brownfield, Superfund site, State site or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) site?
Knowing the type of site will help you take advantage of revitalization tools and understand the opportunities and barriers to reuse. Some legal, financial, or technical revitalization resources may only apply to certain sites. For example, superfund sites on the National Priorities List are not generally eligible for brownfields grants.
Industry Profile Fact Sheets
These industry profile fact sheets are presented to assist State, local, and municipal agencies and private groups in the initial planning and evaluation of sites being considered for remediation, redevelopment or reuse. They are intended to provide a general description of site conditions which may be encountered at specific industrial facilities.
These fact sheets are presented for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as a Federal policy or directive.
Who is in charge of cleaning up your site?
Knowing who is in charge of cleaning up the site will help you contact the appropriate federal or state governmental agency.
Federal, state and local governments have different legal authorities. National, state, and even local authorities all have laws and policies in place that can impact the redevelopment of sites. Your contact will be able to identify appropriate revitalization resources that are available for your site.
What is the current status of your site?
Current site conditions influence redevelopment possibilities. Sites may have perceived issues, but need to be assessed before any further action can be taken. Other sites may have partially been cleaned up to address immediate hazards, but additional cleanup work will be needed before redevelopment. Many sites can be reused during the cleanup work as long as the owner or user of the site is aware of the limitations, such as refraining from sinking ground water wells.
If you are not already familiar with environmental conditions at your site, collecting the following information on the site will be a critical next step.
- Current status of environmental conditions at the site.
- Future anticipated cleanup actions at the site.
- Current or future restrictions on the use of the site.
- Compatibility between anticipated use of the site and the cleanup or restrictions on use.
- Liability protections that are available
- Government Liens associated with cleanup work (only applies to some types of contaminated property).
Where can you find more information about your site?
- Cleanups in my Community : Is a mapping tool that shows sites throughout the United States where pollution is being or has been cleaned up. It provides cleanup progress profiles for sites, facilities, and properties that are being, or have been, cleaned up under EPA's superfund, RCRA and brownfields cleanup programs. Note: Cleanups in my Community does not include sites that are being cleaned up or funded by state or local agencies.
- Cleanups Where You Live : Includes information about cleanup programs (brownfields, federal facilities, leaking underground tanks, RCRA and superfund) by state.
If you do not know the site type or site status, there are a number of online site inventories that you can search for additional information.
If your site does not show up in the Cleanups in my Community tool, you may find more information on: EPA’s Land Revitalization Website
What reuse information should I consider?
The process of getting sites back into use is influenced by many factors and issues that affect how to effectively revitalize a site. Consider cleanup and reuse information as you begin to explore opportunities at your site.
What tools and resources are available?
- Land Revitalization Handbook
- Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
- Brownfields toolbox
- Technical Assistance to Brownfields Communities
- Smart Growth Grants
- Land Revitalization
- Revised Policy on Issuance of Comfort Status Letters
- Prospective Purchaser Agreements
- Windfall Lien Frequent Questions
There are numerous resources and tools to assist in the revitalization of properties including:
After you have identified and researched the type of site you are interested in revitalizing, contact the government agency or agencies in charge of the cleanup for more information about the status of the site, available liability protections, and to take advantage of the appropriate revitalization tools that are available for your site and site type.
EPA and State Contact Information