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Cancer Risk

Toxic air pollutants, or air toxics, are those pollutants known or suspected of causing cancer or other serious health problems, such as birth defects. Cancer risk is expressed as a number in a million, e.g., 16 in a million chance of getting cancer due to air pollution. Not all air pollutants are considered - please visit the NATA Web site for more information on the 2011 NATA data.


In 2010, 24,586 infants died before their first birthday, reflecting an infant mortality rate of 6.15 deaths per 1,000 live births. This represents a decrease of 3.8 percent from the 2009 rate (6.39 deaths per 1,000 live births) and 10.5 percent from the 2005 rate (6.87 per 1,000 live births). Currently, about two-thirds of infant deaths in the United States occur before 28 days (neonatal mortality: 4.05 per 1,000 live births), with the remaining third occurring in the postneonatal period between 28 days and under 1 year (2.10 per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality is generally related to short gestation and low birth weight, maternal complications of pregnancy, and congenital malformations, while postneonatal mortality is generally related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), congenital malformations, and unintentional injuries.1 In 2010, the leading causes of infant mortality were congenital malformations, followed by disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, and SIDS.
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Low Birth Weight

Low birth weight is one of the leading causes of neonatal mortality. Low birth weight infants are more likely to experience long-term disability or to die during the first year of life than are infants of normal weight.


Use Quick Search to explore on-site toxic releases and hazardous waste sites from the EPA's Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and the Superfund National Priorities List (NPL).
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