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Cancer Risk

Toxic air pollutants, or air toxics, are those pollutants known or suspected of causing cancer or other serious health problems, such as birth defects. Cancer risk is expressed as a number in a million, e.g., 16 in a million chance of getting cancer due to air pollution. Not all air pollutants are considered - please visit the NATA Web site for more information on the 2011 NATA data.


In 2005, 6,482 infants born to residents of cities in the United States with populations over 250,000 died in the first year of life. The infant mortality rate in U.S. cities was 7.4 deaths per 1,000 live births, which was higher than the rate for the Nation as a whole (6.8 per 1,000). Although the infant mortality rate in cities has consistently been higher than the rate nationwide, it has declined over the past decade, and the disparity in infant mortality rates between infants in cities and the Nation as a whole has decreased by 50 percent. Between 1990 and 2004, the infant mortality rate in cities has declined by nearly one-third, while the nationwide decline during the same period was 25.3 percent. Declines in infant mortality rates since 2000, however, have been relatively small for both cities and the population as a whole.
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Low Birth Weight

Low birth weight is one of the leading causes of neonatal mortality. Low birth weight infants are more likely to experience long-term disability or to die during the first year of life than are infants of normal weight.


Use Quick Search to explore on-site toxic releases and hazardous waste sites from the EPA's Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and the Superfund National Priorities List (NPL).
Go to the MyEnvironment Home page Go to the MyAir Home page Go to the MyWater Home page Go to the MyClimate Home page Go to the MyHealth Home page Go to the MyLand Home page Go to the MyMaps Home page Go to the MyCommunity Home page Go to the MyReports Home page Go to the MyEnergy Home page

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