Landfill Methane Outreach Program
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LMOP offers a wide array of free technical, promotional and informational tools as well as services to promote the development of landfill gas (LFG) energy projects. This page is a compilation of publications, brochures, fact sheets and software tools referenced throughout the site. If you have questions, please Contact Us.
Landfill Gas Energy Project Development Handbook
The LFG Energy Project Development Handbook (PDH) provides an overview of landfill gas (LFG) energy project development guidance and presents the technological, economic and regulatory considerations that affect the feasibility and success of LFG energy projects. Landfill owners, energy service providers, end users, representatives of state agencies and local government, community members and other interested stakeholders will benefit from information provided in this handbook as they work together to develop successful LFG energy projects.
Adapting Boilers to Utilize Landfill Gas: An Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Opportunity (PDF) (4 pp, 311K)
Using LFG in place of conventional fuels in a boiler is a common practice that requires minor technical adjustments to the boiler. Virtually any commercial or industrial boiler can be retrofitted to fire LFG and the equipment for retrofitting a boiler to burn LFG is commercially available and proven. This fact sheet discusses the retrofits needed to enable a boiler to operate efficiently using LFG, notes other factors that should be considered related to LFG use in boilers, and provides examples of successful LFG-fired boiler projects.
Landfill Gas Energy: A Guide to Developing and Implementing Greenhouse Gas Reduction Programs
LMOP teamed with EPA’s State and Local Climate and Energy Program to produce this document, one in a series about greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions strategies. This guide focuses on the use of LFG energy to reduce GHG emissions and describes how communities can achieve energy, environmental, health and economic benefits by using LFG recovered from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills as a source of renewable energy.
Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Applications—Catalogs of Technologies
- Biomass CHP Catalog of Technologies
This report reviews the technical and economic characterization of biomass resources, biomass preparation, energy conversion technologies, power production systems, and complete integrated CHP systems.
- Catalog of CHP Technologies
This report provides an overview of how CHP systems work and the key concepts of efficiency and power-to-heat ratios. It also provides information and performance characteristics of five technologies.
Green Power from Landfill Gas (PDF) (2 pp, 452K)
This two-page fact sheet describes the energy, environmental and economic benefits of using LFG as a renewable energy resource in the form of electricity and fuel. The fact sheet also provides a summary of the current status of LFG energy projects in the United States, including opportunities for additional LFG use projects, and highlights examples of actual annual cost savings experienced by organizations using LFG.
Funding Landfill Gas Energy Projects: State, Federal, and Foundation Resources
LMOP’s funding guide provides detailed information on innovative funding resources available to LFG energy projects. These resources include loans, grants, tax credits and exemptions, and production incentives. For each resource, the guide lists pertinent information such as guidelines, eligibility requirements, and contact information. Landfill owners, project developers, and LFG end users will find the guide useful in identifying potential funding opportunities.
Landfill Methane Outreach Program and Landfill Gas Energy: The Power of Partnership | Brochure (PDF) (4 pp, 401K)
This brochure provides basic information about LMOP, including program goals, products and services, and Partner success stories.
Landfill Gas: Creating Green Energy in Your Community (PDF) (2 pp, 310K)
This brochure introduces the layperson to LFG and the benefits of LFG energy. It is a useful tool for marketing LFG energy to communities.
LMOP Quick Reference Sheet: Regulations and Proposals Affecting Landfills and LFG Energy Projects (PDF) (2 pp, 170K)
This reference sheet provides basic information about several promulgated or proposed rules that affect landfills and LFG energy projects. The document includes brief summaries of both recently published rules (e.g., National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for major source boilers and process heaters) and longer established rules (e.g., NESHAP for municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills), along with Web addresses for readers interested in obtaining more detailed information.
Meeting the Needs of Corporate Energy Users (PDF) (2 pp, 144K)
This two-page fact sheet provides information about how LMOP can help corporate users evaluate project possibilities. Descriptions of the types of products and services available are provided, including examples of corporate partnerships.
Marketing & Communications Toolkit
LMOP’s Marketing & Communications Toolkit was designed to help LMOP Partners, Endorsers, and others to communicate about LFG energy benefits, highlight their LMOP participation, and develop outreach materials. It features sample tools for outreach—including easy-to-use items such as logos, invitations, and press releases—that you can download. The Marketing & Communications Toolkit can help you share the good news about LFG energy projects with your community, employees, shareholders, customers, the media, and other stakeholders.
LMOP provides a table of key state organizations’ websites to assist those searching for state-specific information related to permits and regulations that may affect LFG energy projects. The list represents the main state agencies and departments involved in topics such as air quality permitting, energy policy, and public utility regulation.
LFGcost–Web – Landfill Gas Energy Cost Model
Evaluate the initial economic feasibility and environmental benefits of an LFG energy project using this software model. Analyses performed using LFGcost-Web are considered preliminary and should be used for guidance only.
LFG Energy Benefits Calculator
This calculator estimates the direct methane, avoided carbon dioxide and total greenhouse gas reductions attributable to an LFG energy project for the current year, calculated from the project size entered by the user. Based on the estimated emission reductions, the tool provides environmental benefit values to put the reductions in more understandable terms, such as an equivalent quantity of acres of forests, railcars of coal or gallons of gasoline. Based on the project size, the calculator also estimates an energy benefit value in terms of homes powered or homes heated.
Interactive Conversion Tool
This tool can be used to conduct unit conversions, such as standard cubic feet per minute (scfm) to million standard cubic feet per day (mmscfd) or short tons of methane to million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (MMTCO2E). It can also be used to estimate LFG energy potential from a municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill, including tons of waste-in-place (WIP) to scfm of LFG or megawatt (MW) capacity, and much more.
The LMOP Locator, a tool designed in Microsoft® Access, allows a user to geographically search for facilities that can potentially utilize LFG, or for landfills located near a facility that is interested in utilizing LFG. The user must provide basic location information for the landfill or potential end user, searching by latitude/longitude, zip code, and/or state/county for a single site or up to 10 sites at a time. The user can then select the resulting landfills or facilities that are of most interest and export the results to a file.
For the pool of potential end users, the LMOP Locator contains select data from EPA’s National Emissions Inventory, EPA’s Boiler/Process Heater NESHAP 2008 Survey database, EPA’s Renewable Fuel Standards List of Registered Fuel Providers, and purchased business data. For landfill searches, the tool contains data for all landfills in the current LMOP Landfill and LFG Energy Project database.
Download LMOPLocatorV4.0-Web-June082012 (ZIP*, 29 MB) and unzip the file. The file contains the LMOPLocatorV4.0-Web.mdb file, two Excel template (.xlt) files, and a User’s Guide (.pdf) file. The LMOP landfill/project data are current as of June 1, 2012.
If you have any issues with downloading or using this tool, please submit this contact form including your name, organization, email address, and a description of your question in the Comments/Questions box. (*Zip files can be opened with the free evaluation version of WinZip. )
Landfill Gas Modeling Tools
Landfill Gas Emissions Model (LandGEM)
The Landfill Gas Emissions Model (LandGEM version 3.02, released May 12, 2005) is an automated tool for estimating emission rates from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills. The model was developed by the EPA Office of Research and Development-National Risk Management Research Laboratory, and the Clean Air Technology Center. The model can be used to estimate total LFG and methane generation, as well as emissions of carbon dioxide, nonmethane organic compounds, and individual air pollutants from landfills. Model results can be used to estimate the recoverable methane available for a potential LFG energy project. LandGEM can also be used by landfill owners and operators to determine if a landfill is subject to the control requirements of the federal New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) for new MSW landfills, the emission guidelines for existing MSW landfills, or the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for MSW landfills.
Version 3.02 replaced versions 2.01 and 3.01 and is a user-friendly version with a Microsoft Excel interface, greater accuracy, and enhanced capabilities. For example, version 3.02 enables the user to estimate total LFG generation, which can be calibrated with a user-specified methane concentration other than 50 percent. It includes new default values to estimate emissions from wet landfills, such as bioreactors. Users can choose from a wider range of units of measure for inputs and outputs.
In addition to the LandGEM Version 3.02 Excel file, users should also download the "ReadMe First" file and User’s Guide, which contain key information necessary to properly operate the model.
International Landfill Gas Modeling Tools
LMOP has developed several country-specific LFG generation models to help landfill owners and operators and other interested parties evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of collecting and using LFG for energy recovery.
Sample Request for Proposal Files
Landfills who are considering issuing RFPs can view the sample RFPs that LMOP has acquired through its assistance to communities who have sought to develop LFG energy projects. LMOP provides this information as a service, but does not endorse the information or opinions included therein. LMOP can assist with project partnering by helping to identify potential matches and by distributing RFPs through its listserv. View samples »