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CADDIS Volume 2: Sources, Stressors & Responses


What are sources?

Sources are activities, land uses, or entities that directly or indirectly result in one or more stressors. There currently is one source-based module in CADDIS: the Urbanization module.

How do sources relate to candidate causes?

A candidate cause is a hypothesized cause of a specific environmental impairment, sufficiently credible to be analyzed in a causal assessment. A candidate cause can be simply a proximate stressor, or the stressor directly responsible for the observed biological response (e.g., low dissolved oxygen concentration). However, a candidate cause also may include more detailed information about the causal pathway, such as the source or sources that resulted in the proximate stressor (e.g., increased nutrients associated with stormwater runoff). Including more detail when listing candidate causes may help identify ways to distinguish among different candidate causes included in the assessment.

What are stressors, and how do they relate to candidate causes?
What are responses, and how do they relate to candidate causes?

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