State and Local Climate and Energy Program
Climate Change Risks and State Adaptation
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- Developing a GHG Inventory
- Identifying and Evaluating Policy Options
- Designing and Implementing Programs
- Choosing a Clean Energy Financing Program
- Leading by Example in Government Operations
- Engaging Stakeholders
- Determining Policy and Program Impacts
- Assisting Local Governments
- Climate Change Risks and State Adaptation
The changing climate is already affecting water, energy, transportation, agriculture, ecosystems, and people's health. While some climate change impacts are far-reaching, no two states will experience climate change in precisely the same way.
State governments are uniquely positioned to implement strategic adaptive measures to protect infrastructure, plan for sea-level rise, and increase their communities' resilience to extreme weather. Many states and local governments are already focusing their attention and resources towards anticipating and planning for climate change impacts.
- Implementing measures to reduce the impact of heat islands
- Protecting estuaries from the impacts of climate change
- Developing heat wave response programs due to the likelihood of more frequent and more intense heat waves
- Anticipating changes in stormwater runoff needs due to the likelihood of increased frequency and severity of heavy rain events
- Planning for wastewater treatment impacts due to sea level rise
Examples of State-wide Adaptation Strategies include:
- Alaska: Change Strategy: Addressing Impacts in Alaska (PDF)
- California: Climate Adaptation Strategy
- Connecticut: Climate Change Preparedness Plan (PDF) (111 pp, 566 KB)
- Maine: People and Nature: Adapting to a Changing Climate (PDF) (12 pp, 1.1 MB)
- Maryland: Comprehensive Strategy for Reducing Maryland's Vulnerability to Climate Change Phase I: Sea-level Rise and Coastal Storms (PDF) (40 pp, 12.5 MB) and Phase II: Building Societal, Economic, and Ecological Resilience (PDF) (80 pp, 31.1 MB)
- Massachusetts: Climate Change Adaptation Report
- New Hampshire: Climate Action Plan
- Oregon: Climate Change Adaptation Framework (PDF) (151 pp, 606 KB)
- Virginia: Climate Change Action Plan (PDF) (124 pp, 4.1 MB)
- Washington: Washington State's Integrated Climate Response Strategy (PDF) (207 pp, 4.7 MB)
» Learn more about climate change impacts by region and sector.
» Access adaptation tools for public officials.