TRC Spent Cathode Storage Pile
Formerly: Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corporation
Spent Potliner Pile
On This Page
EPA Project Manager
Mr. Michael Jacobi 3 LC20
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 3
1650 Arch Street
Philadelphia, PA 19103-2029
Phone: (215) 814-3435
West Virginia Dept of Environmental Protection
Tracy A. Jeffries
Environmental Resources Specialist
Division of Land Restoration
Office of Environmental Remediation
601 57th Street, Room 1072
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: 304-926-0499 X 1262
- A RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI) was performed to evaluate the impact of the site on surrounding soils and groundwater. The RFI was completed on March 10, 1997.
- A Part I Corrective Measures Study (CMS) was completed on January 22, 1998, and identified the need for testing of the facility cover.
- A Part II CMS involved field and laboratory testing of the cover material. The draft CMS Report was submitted to EPA on May 28, 1998.
The Spent Potliner (SPL) Pile is a 2.7-acre, encapsulated deposit of aluminum-smelting wastes located southwest of Ravenswood, West Virginia. The site is completely surrounded by an active aluminum smelting facility (Century Aluminum) .
An Administrative Order on Consent requiring investigation of the site was signed by EPA and the owner (Kaiser) on April 3, 1995. In compliance with the order, the following activities have been completed:
The draft CMS Report concluded that the most effective option for elimination of risk due to the facility was leaving the material in its present location, performing initial repairs to the seams in the cover, and then continuing to maintain the cover, replacing as necessary.
In 2004, Kaiser divested itself of the SPL Pile as part of bankruptcy proceedings. At that time, TRC Environmental Corporation took ownership of the Spent Potliner Pile
EPA concurred with the recommended remedy in the CMS Report, and on August 25, 2011 the proposed remedy was put out for public comment. No comments were received during the 30 day public comment period and a Final Decision and Response To Comments (FDRTC) was issued to TRC on November 8, 2011.
EPA and TRC both signed an 7003 Consent Order in August 2012. The Consent Order is the authority EPA uses to enforce the selected remedy with TRC.
The SPL Pile was originally part of an integrated aluminum manufacturing facility which began operation in 1957 by Kaiser Aluminum. Between 1972 and 1980, spent potliner from the smelting process was stockpiled on concrete and clay pads, awaiting shipment for mineral recycling. An EPDM cover was installed in 1981 to isolate the material from the environment and to prevent contact with rainwater. The site is completely enclosed by a chain-link fence and is located wholly within an active industrial facility.
SPL was designated by USEPA as a listed hazardous waste under RCRA in 1988. The main contaminants in soil and groundwater are cyanide and fluoride.
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below:
- West Virginia DEP Environmental Covenant - Deed Restriction [ 12 pp, 502 KB, About PDF]
- Administrative Order on Consent (AOC)[ 26 pp, 751 KB, About PDF]
- Corrective Action Statement of Basis [ 13pp, 2808 KB, About PDF]
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Human Exposures [6pp, 109 KB, About PDF]
- Environmental Indicator Determination - Groundwater [8 pp, 118 KB, About PDF]
- All documents and reports regarding this facility also can be reviewed in person at these locations:
West Viriginia Dept of Enviromental Protection
Division of Waste Management
601 57th Street, SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 ext. 1288
U.S. EPA Region III
Land & Chemicals Division - RCRA
1650 Arch Street-11th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. Additional fee for requests over 100 pages.
|TRC Spent Cathode Storage Pile||TRC Spent Cathode Storage Geospatial PDF Map|
Click on a thumbnail to enlarge the photo or Geospatial Map )
- The facility is under continued use.
- The EPA is dedicated to providing you with timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact the EPA Project Manager: Mr. Michael Jacobi (215) 814-3435.