Fact Sheet - The 2014 and 2015 Critical Use Exemption from the Phaseout of Methyl Bromide
EPA is proposing the uses that will qualify for the critical use exemption from the phaseout of methyl bromide for 2014 and 2015 as follows:
- California strawberry fruit growers (2014 and 2015)
- Dry cured pork producers (2014 and 2015)
- Rice millers, pet food manufacturers, and members of the North American Millers’ Association (2014 only)
- California entities storing walnuts, dried plums, figs, raisins, and dates (2014 only)
Critical use exemptions may be available for those uses of methyl bromide that the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer agree have no technically or economically feasible alternatives. The framework for critical use exemptions was created on December 23, 2004 (69 FR 76982).
Methyl bromide, an odorless, colorless gas, is used to control a variety of pests in a range of agricultural industries. For example, it is used by growers of specialty crops, such as tomatoes and strawberries, to fumigate the soil prior to planting.
EPA promulgates rules on an annual basis authorizing the amount of methyl bromide to be made available for specifically identified critical uses during each calendar year. EPA is taking this action under the authority of the Clean Air Act to reflect consensus decisions taken by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in November 2012 and October 2013 which authorized critical uses in the U.S. for 2014 and 2015 respectively.