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2005 Stratospheric Ozone Protection Awards

About the Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award


Raley’s Family of Fine Stores
For Leadership and Cooperation in the HCFC Supermarket Phaseout

Raley’s Family of Fine Stores is pioneering the transition from ozone-depleting substances to HFCs by eliminating their dependence on HCFCs. Raley's is sharing its technical experience with competing large grocery stores. Raley’s cooperative efforts will speed the ODS phaseout and reduce refrigerant emissions from other grocers as they convert to ozone-friendly refrigerants and build new stores that do not rely on HCFC refrigerants. Raley’s has implemented HFCs for all major remodels and new store construction, and has successfully converted more than 70% of its inventory to HFCs.


The Alternative Fluorocarbons Environmental Acceptability Study (AFEAS), the Programme for Alternative Fluorocarbon Toxicity Testing (PAFT) and the Ultraviolet Monitoring and Assessment Program (UMAP)
For Leadership in identifying ozone-friendly compounds and assessing their human health and environmental effects

The Alternative Fluorocarbons Environmental Acceptability Study, the Programme for Alternative Fluorocarbon Toxicity Testing, and the Ultraviolet Monitoring and Assessment Program were undertaken by chemical producers to identify ozone depleting substance substitutes, evaluate their toxicity and environmental effects, and conduct research on stratospheric ozone recovery. By cooperatively sharing expenditures of tens of millions of dollars, fluorochemical producers saved time and money in determining the toxicity and environmental implications of alternatives, accelerating their commercialization by a decade.

AFEAS, PAFT and UMAP were cooperative programs of fluorochemical producers, coordinated by Katie Smythe of RAND’s Environmental Science and Policy Center. Their understanding of the implications of the work, dedication to its timely completion, and attention to detail, contributed to the programs’ success in defining the impact of ODSs and alternatives. These programs became the global hub for information on ODSs and alternatives, and assisted policymakers in understanding the implications and importance of the phaseout.

The Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) and its Appliance Research Consortium (ARC)
For Promotion of Responsible Fluorocarbon Handling and Research into Ozone-Friendly Refrigerants and Foam Blowing Agents

Through direct action and research, AHAM has supported the smooth transition of refrigerator/freezers from CFC refrigerants and foam-blowing agents to HFC chemicals. AHAM proactively created programs and procedures to educate and certify appliance service and disposal technicians in the responsible handling of fluorocarbons, and continues to ensure that the training manual and test questions accurately reflect current regulations, best practices, and atmospheric science. AHAM created the Appliance Research Consortium to share data on possible substitutes for refrigerant and foam applications and recruited participation of: all U.S. refrigerator/freezer manufacturers; EPA; DOE; national energy laboratories; and chemical, foam and plastics suppliers. ARC also completed a detailed hazard analysis and legal study of the implications of using flammable refrigerants in the U.S. ARC continues to promote responsible use of HFCs and is evaluating the emissions of foam-blowing agents.

Department of Environmental Sciences, Peking University
For Leadership in ODS Phaseout in Developing Countries

The Department of Environmental Sciences at Peking University (PKU) has led efforts to phase out ozone-depleting substances in China. They drafted China’s Country Program for ODS Phaseout – the first CP for an Article 5 country; developed 9 sector plans for ODS phaseout, which will eliminate 91,433 ODP-tonnes of production and 64,326 ODP-tonnes of consumption in China; and developed policy instruments for implementing the Montreal Protocol, such as China’s tradable ODS production quota system. In addition, the PKU team has conducted training workshops and developed training materials, established the first Chinese website on ozone layer protection, and worked with the China Central TV and Beijing TV stations to make 20 programs on ozone layer protection. PKU team members Prof. Xiaoyan Tang, Prof. Shiqiu Zhang and Prof. Jianxin Hu have actively supported and served in leadership roles in UNEP, TEAP, EEAP and the MLF, and Prof. Tong Zhu contributed in scientific aspects.

OzonAction Programme of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE)
For Leadership and Innovation in Assisting Developing Countries in Ozone Protection

UNEP DTIE organized its innovative OzonAction Programme to assist the developing countries and countries with economies in transition to phase out ozone-depleting substances (ODSs). This first globally coordinated technical cooperation and capacity building program enabled the compliance of these countries, particularly of least developed countries, with the Montreal Protocol, carried the TEAP/TOC technical findings and business advice to stakeholders and policymakers all over the world, catalyzed worldwide partnerships for voluntary actions of technology assistance to the developing countries, and established the only international program to educate and support customs officers and border police to prevent illegal trade in ODSs. The Programme benefited well over 140 countries through its unique regional networks of the National Ozone Units and information clearinghouse; conducted over 300 workshops, training courses and roundtables; and developed more than 100 need-based manuals, guidebooks, handbooks and technical booklets. Its innovative mechanisms like the first business-to-business web portal to trade banked halon and leveraging NGO’s expertise to raise awareness among civil society have enabled cost-effective elimination of ODSs.

Ozone Science Tiger Team
For Leadership and Innovation in Confirming Ozone Trends

The Ozone Science Tiger Team, a consortium of U.S and Canadian universities and government laboratories, has played a unique and major role in documenting human impacts on global tropospheric and stratospheric ozone. The Tiger Team of renowned statisticians and atmospheric scientists launched an innovative, cross-disciplinary approach to studying ozone trends and has engaged the public and guided policy to protect stratospheric ozone. Through its ongoing research, numerous publications, and active participation at national and international forums, the Tiger Team continues its vital role of informing ongoing scientific and policy discussions on ozone layer recovery and impacts from climate change.

Team Members:
• Alvin J. Miller, NOAA/NWS/NCEP Climate Prediction Center
• George Tiao, University of Chicago
• Donald J. Wuebbles, University of Illinois
• Gregory Reinsel, University of Wisconsin
• Betsy Weatherhead, University of Colorado CIRES
• Serge Guillas, Georgia Tech
• Lawrence E. Flynn, NOAA
• Irina Petropavlovskikh, University of Colorado CIRES
• Vitali Fioletov, Environment Canada
• Shi-Keng Yang, NOAA/NWS/NCEP Climate Prediction Center
• John DeLuisi, NOAA (retired)
• Ron Nagatani, NOAA (retired)
• Lane Bishop, Honeywell
• Jim Kerr, Environment Canada (retired)
• John Frederick, University of Chicago
• Carl Mateer (retired)
• Xiao-Li Meng, Harvard (formerly University of Chicago)
• William Hill, Honeywell


Paul Horwitz
For Leadership and Innovation in Montreal Protocol Negotiations

Paul Horwitz has represented the U.S. in international negotiations under the Montreal Protocol, heading over 40 of the 100+ delegations he has participated in over the past dozen years. Through leadership and personal dedication, he has strengthened controls on methyl bromide, clarified implementation and compliance procedures, and has emphasized cost-effective and rational protection strategies for the ozone layer. Paul has held vital leadership positions in the Protocol and Multilateral Fund, has crafted creative solutions to build domestic and international consensus to controversial issues, and has been masterful in striking a balance between environmental benefit and countries’ capacities and needs. As a leader of the U.S. EPA’s international negotiating team and as a developer of domestic policy, Paul has brought incredible energy, vision, innovation, and success to stratospheric ozone protection. His actions have helped make the Montreal Protocol a landmark international agreement for protecting the environment and public health.

Dr. Mark L. Robin
For Leadership in the Introduction and Use of Halon Alternatives

Mark Robin’s research and testing of halon alternatives for fire protection has served as the technical basis for the promulgation of important national and international standards and regulations for alternatives to halons. Since 1995 he has served as a member of the U.S. delegation to the International Standards Organization’s technical committee responsible for halon alternatives and as a working group member of the National Fire Protection Association’s technical committee for clean agent systems. Dr. Robin has consistently and voluntarily led these organizations, by authoring special reports, chairing working groups, and convening special projects. He has published numerous technical papers on halon alternatives and is a regular presenter at relevant conferences. His personal contributions and achievements in these areas have accelerated the process of integrating halon alternatives into society, directly reducing the use and the subsequent emissions of halons.

Note to awardees: When referring to any EPA Award, please include the year in which the award was received.

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