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Guide for Industrial Waste Management

Chapter 6: Protecting Surface Water (PDF) (40 pp, 238K, About PDF)

This chapter introduces the methods used to determine the quality and health of surface waters. It then identifies and describes surface water protection programs applicable to waste management units. A separate explanation helps in understanding the fate and transport of pollutants and applies this knowledge to protecting surface waters. This chapter also describes how complying with applicable regulations, implementing storm-water controls, and identifying best management practices (BMPs) to control storm water can help protect surface waters.

This chapter helps to answer the following questions:


U.S. EPA Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water Website on public drinking water system program. Information and links include state programs, drinking water state revolving fund, EPA's Drinking Water Academy, and drinking water rules.

U.S. EPA Office of Science and Technology (OST) Website on effluent limitations guidelines and standards. Effluent guidelines are national standards for wastewater dischargers to surface waters and publicly owned treatment works issued under Title III of the Clean Water Act.

U.S. EPA OST Website providing links to numerous topics including analytical test methods, beach water quality, drinking water and health advisories, human health criteria, water quality criteria and standards, contaminated sediments, water quality economics and benefits, EPA shellfish protection, fish and wildlife consumption advisories, water quality models, federal-state toxicology and risk analysis committee, and water quality guidance for the Great Lakes System.

U.S. EPA Office of Wetlands, Oceans, and Watershed (OWOW) Website on water quality monitoring. Contains information on monitoring water quality, water quality reporting, biological assessments, volunteer monitoring, water quality data systems, and mapping tools.

U.S. EPA OWOW Website on nonpoint source pollution. Contains information on nonpoint source categories, funding opportunities, the Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments Section 6217, the Clean Water Act Section 319, partnerships between states and EPA, and information designed for students, educators, and kids.

U.S. EPA Office of Wastewater Management (OWM) Website featuring the NPDES permit program, the National Pretreatment Program, the Biosolids Management Program, the Clean Water State Revolving Fund, and water efficiency.

U.S. EPA OWM National Pretreatment Program Website. Includes information on pretreatment standards and limits, prohibited discharge standards, categorical standards, local limits, and analytical methods.

U.S. Department of Agriculture Website with links to many different technical tools. Tools includeTR-55, Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds which presents simplified procedures to calculate storm runoff volume, peak rate of discharge, hydrographs, and storage volumes required for floodwater reservoirs.

The National Centers for Environmental Prediction, National Weather Service, Climate Prediction Center Website. Exit EPAContains links to daily and monthly data, time series, and maps for various climate parameters such as precipitation and temperature.

National Resource Defense Council's Website on stormwater. Exit EPAProvides case studies on new ways cities, developers, and others are reducing stormwater pollution.

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