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General | State Beneficial Use Regulations | Industrial Materials Recycling in the News

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image of first page of Using Recycled Industrial Materials in Buildings

Using Recycled Materials in Buildings (PDF) (4 pp, 538K)
This information sheet discusses the use of recycled industrial materials in buildings as an alternative to virgin materials and building products.

Building for the Future by Recycling Industrial Materials (PDF) (2 pp, 416K)
Putting products of industrial processes, such as coal ash, foundry sand, construction and demolition materials, slag, and gypsum, into productive use saves resources and contributes to a sustainable future.

Industrial Materials Recycling Tools and Resources (PDF) (46 pp, 470K)
Compilation of fact sheets, guidance and technical documents, regulations, specifications/standards, sample contract language, websites, and other references pertinent to the reuse and recycling of industrial materials

Industrial Materials Recycling: Managing Resources for Tomorrow
EPA’s industrial materials recycling fact sheet provides a general overview of industrial materials and examples of their reuse and recycling.

The Industrial Resources Council – IRC (PDF) (8 pp, 208K)
The IRC is composed of industry trade associations representing coal combustion products, foundry sands, iron and steel slag, wood and pulp materials, rubber materials, and construction and demolition materials.

EPA’s Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG)
For products designated by EPA, procuring agencies using federal funds are required to buy the product with the greatest recycled content practicable. EPA designates products in its Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines and the accompanying recycled-content recommendations. EPA already has designated or is proposing to designate the products listed below. They are grouped into eight categories: Construction Products, Landscaping Products, Nonpaper Office Products, Paper and Paper Products, Park and Recreation Products, Transportation Products, Vehicular Products, and Miscellaneous Products. You also can view EPA’s recommended recycled-content ranges and access a Supplier Database which includes manufacturers, vendors, and suppliers for each item.

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State Beneficial Use Regulations

Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) Beneficial Use Survey November 2007 (PDF) (188 pp, 939K) Exit EPA
A report prepared by the ASTSWMO Beneficial Use Task Force is a compilation of information from a 2006 survey of State and Territorial beneficial use programs/decision-making processes for non-hazardous, industrial solid wastes. Forty States responded. It updates the April 2000 report and provides additional information.

Beneficial Use of Solid Waste in Maine Exit EPA

Northeast Waste Management Officials’ Association (NEWMOA) Beneficial Use Resources Exit EPA
NEWMOA established a Beneficial Use Determination (BUD) Workgroup that has produced several resources for state use only: a searchable database of all the BUDs that have been issued by the NEWMOA states plus five additional other states; and a table comparing the BUD application requirements of the NEWMOA states. In addition, the Workgroup produced fact sheets for the public on selected waste/use combinations.

Engineering and Environmental Specifications of State Agencies for Utilization and Disposal of Coal Combustion Products: Volume 2 – Environmental Regulations 2005-EERC-07-05 (PDF) (65 pp, 297K) Exit EPA
The Energy & Environmental Research Center at the University of North Dakota developed two reports presenting state transportation and environmental regulations governing the use of coal combustion products. Volume 1 presents a state by state comparison of US Department of Transportation specifications. Volume 2 presents a comparison of state environmental laws and regulations authorizing beneficial reuse of coal combustion by-products.

EPA State Toolkit for Developing Beneficial Reuse Programs for Foundry Sands (PDF) (64 pp, 2.2MB)
The EPA Sector Strategies Program developed the “State Toolkit for Developing Beneficial Reuse Programs for Foundry Sand”document to help address state program barriers. Developed in partnership with the Association of Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials as an assistance tool for states, the guide is designed to help states initiate or revise their beneficial reuse programs in a way that increases safe beneficial reuse of foundry sand. The Toolkit provides program options and concrete examples of a variety of approaches used in states to efficiently conduct beneficial reuse determinations.

Beneficial Reuse of Foundry Sand: A Review of State Practices and Regulations (PDF) (39 pp, 293K)
The EPA Sector Strategies Program developed the “Beneficial Reuse of Foundry Sand: A Review of State Practices and Regulations” guide to provide an overview of each state’s regulations (current as of 2002) for beneficial reuse of foundry sand.

ASTSWMO Beneficial Use Survey April 2000 (PDF) (122 pp, 280K) Exit EPA

DOE National Technology Laboratory Database of State Regulations Affecting Disposal and Utilization of Coal Combustion By-Products
Contains summary information on current regulations in each state, drawn from the American Coal Ash Association’s biannual report State Solid Waste Regulations Governing the Use of Coal Combustion Byproducts.

Green Highways Partnership Exit EPA
The Green Highways Partnership is a revolutionary approach to achieving sustainable transportation infrastructure and improved environmental compliance, protection, and preservation.

Review of Pennsylvania Regulations, Standards, and Practices Related to the Use of Coal Combustion Products: Final Report, March 2007 (PDF) (57 pp, 199K) Exit EPA

Review of Florida Regulations, Standards, and Practices Related to the Use of Coal Combustion Products (PDF) (73 pp, 1.4MB) Exit EPA

Review of Texas Regulations, Standards, and Practices Related to the Use of Coal Combustion Products (60 pp, 979K) Exit EPA

EPA Information on Beneficial Use of CCRs
EPA methodology for evaluating encapsulated beneficial uses of CCRs and information on the agency's regulatory determinations on CCR beneficial use.

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