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India International Activities

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The Global Methane Initiative Exit EPA is an international initiative that advances cost-effective, near-term methane recovery and use as a clean energy source.

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India is the world's third largest coal producer (358 million tons of bituminous coal in 2001) and relies upon coal for about 60% of its energy needs. The bulk of the country's high rank coal resources (approximately 95%) are located in the Damodar Valley coalfields, the site of the majority of India's mines. Although the coal seams currently being exploited are not very gassy, several of the mines in this region are known to be highly gassy, with gas contents up to 500 cubic feet per ton. Currently, only about 25% of India's total coal production is underground. In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in surface coal production.

EPA estimates that India's atmospheric coal mine methane (CMM) releases will grow as its coal production increases over time and as deeper, gassier seams are exploited. With its well-established coal mining industry, limited conventional gas resources and anticipated high cost of LNG, CMM has the potential to make a significant impact on the country's energy supply needs.



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