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Severe Weather

Heavy storms and hurricanes are expected to become stronger with climate change and cause more damage to coastal communities. Go on an expedition to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean to learn more about tropical storms and climate change. Heavy storms and flooding also affect people who live in floodplains near rivers, or in cities that don't have good drainage.

Learn about who is most affected and some of the things we can do to prepare now and in the future:

Severe Storms and Hurricanes

Who Is Most Affected?

  • People living near the coast
  • People living in low–lying areas that flood easily
  • Tourists and beachgoers
  • Businesses that depend on tourists

During Hurricane Season...

  • Pay attention to hurricane warnings
  • Have emergency supplies ready
  • Have a full tank of gas and be ready to evacuate
  • Know the evacuation route and where emergency shelters are located

To Prepare for the Future...

  • Build houses that can withstand strong storms
  • Don't build in areas that are likely to flood
  • Set up reinforced shelters for people who cannot evacuate
  • Preserve natural barriers like sand dunes that provide protection against storms


Who Is Most Affected?

  • People living near rivers and streams
  • People who live in areas with poor drainage
  • Farmers

To Prevent Flooding...

  • Keep storm drains clear

To Prepare for the Future...

  • Avoid building homes in floodplains
  • Plant flood–resistant crops
  • Preserve wetlands and other places that can store water

  1. Most of the damage from hurricanes is caused by coastal flooding. True or false? Reveal answer


  2. Can you name the most costly hurricane in U.S. history? Reveal answer

    Hurricane Katrina, which hit Louisiana in 2005, was the most costly hurricane in history, causing an estimated $125 billion worth of damage.

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